Proceedings of ISP RAS

Optimization of Boolean satisfiability solver by caching intermediate results.

Sergey Vartanov, Denis Sidorov.


Recently, a number of dynamic analysis tools were developed that perform tainted data flow tracing and use algorithms for solving the CNF SAT problem for input data generation and path alteration. SAT problem is known to be NP-complete and it requires a lot of optimizations to partially solve the exponential growth problem. The problem appeared in Avalanche dynamic analysis project for automatic defect detection. In this paper we propose a modification of Davis—Putnam—Logemann—Loveland (DPLL) algorithm using intermediate result caching.

For path condition solving Avalanche uses STP which uses MiniSAT solver for Boolean formula satisfiability checking. MiniSAT main mechanism is based on variation of DPLL algorithm. We describe special properties of formula sets generated with dynamic analysis tools. Some formulas in generated set frequently have common parts. We introduce a DPLL optimization based on these peculiarity. Formula solving is performed on previously cached solver results and uses backtracking mechanism in case of failure. Described optimization is illustrated on simple examples.

Described mechanism was examined on random generated sets of Boolean formulas using implemented SAT solver prototype. Modified algorithm applications features a noteworthy increase in efficiency in comparison with standard DPLL approach.


CNF-SAT problem, algorithm DPLL, optimization


Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming, vol. 22, 2012, pp. 281-292.

ISSN 2220-6426 (Online), ISSN 2079-8156 (Print).

DOI: 10.15514/ISPRAS-2012-22-16

Full text of the paper in pdf (in Russian) Back to the contents of the volume