Proceedings of ISP RAS

Improving quality of graph partitioning using multilevel optimization.

R. Pastukhov, A. Korshunov, D. Turdakov, S. Kuznetsov.


Graph partitioning is required for solving tasks on graphs that need to be split across disks or computers. This problem is well studied, but most results are not suitable for processing graphs with billons of nodes on commodity clusters, since they require shared memory or low-latency messaging. One approach suitable for cluster computing is Balanced Label Propagation, based on distributed label propagation algorithm for community detection. In this work we show how multi-level optimization can be used to improve partitioning quality of Balanced Label Propagation. One of major difficulties with distributed multi-level optimization is finding a matching in the graph. The matching is needed to choose pairs of vertices for collapsing in order to produce a smaller graph. As this work shows, simply splitting graph into several parts and finding matching in these parts independently is enough to improve the quality of partitioning generated by Balanced Label Propagation. Proposed algorithm can be implemented within any framework that supports MapReduce. In our experiments, when graphs were partitioned into 32 parts, ratio of edges that don’t cross partitions increased from 54-60% to 66-70%. One of significant problems of our implementation is performance – work time of multi-level algorithm was approximately twice that of the original algorithm. It seems likely that implementation can be improved so that multi-level algorithm would achieve better computational performance as well as partitioning quality.


graph partitioning, label propagation, multi-level optimization, social networks, cluster computing


Proceedings of the Institute for System Programming, vol. 26, issue 4, 2014, pp. 21-32.

ISSN 2220-6426 (Online), ISSN 2079-8156 (Print).

DOI: 10.15514/ISPRAS-2014-26(4)-2

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